Basal Cell Carcinoma
BCC is the most common type of skin cancer and usually appears on parts of the skin with the most sun exposure. However, BCC can appear on any part of the body. This skin cancer has a slow development. There are various forms that BCC can appear, whether they're growths or sores. If you have a spot that draws your concern, let your dermatologist know as soon as possible.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
SCC is a highly curable skin cancer that is a result of those who have had too much sun exposure to the skin or tanning bed usage. SCC can appear as a bump, lump or patch on the skin. Bowen's Disease is an early stage of SCC, which usually appears as a crusted patch on the skin.
Melanoma is the most severe type of skin cancer. It can spread quickly to other parts of the body and can be very dangerous. If you have noticed a change in moles, freckles, or other spots; you should seek out a dermatologist. Mohs surgery or an excision might be treatment options that your specialist recommends.
Skin Cancer Detection
Regular checkups with a dermatologist are vital to detection of skin cancer. That said, self-checks are equally important. If you have any moles or spots that have the following schedule an appointment immediately:
Asymmetry: One-half is unlike the other half.
Border: Borders that are not clearly defined; notched, scalloped, or even vague.
Colors: There are more shades or colors in one lesion; likely black, red, and even blue or white, sometimes all within the same lesion.
Diameter: Diameter is larger around than a standard pencil eraser.
Evolving: A mole that changes its shape, size, color, or other aspects of its appearance over time—especially if it is a short amount of time is definite cause for concern.
Skin Cancer Prevention
Seek shade when the sun’s rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
Wear protective clothing, such as a lightweight long-sleeved shirt, pants, a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses, when possible.
SPF protective clothing and accessories are available
Generously apply a broad-spectrum, physical sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
Use sunscreen whenever you are going to be outside, even on cloudy days.
Apply enough sunscreen to cover all exposed skin. Most adults need about 1 ounce — or enough to fill a shot glass — to fully cover their body.
When outdoors, reapply sunscreen every two hours, or after swimming or sweating.
Avoid tanning beds. Ultraviolet light from tanning beds can cause skin cancer and premature skin aging.
Use a self-tanning product if you want to look tan, but continue to use sunscreen with it.